'The Militarisation of the Chinese Citizen: the Impact of Japan'
This presentation will discuss how militarism was used to subordinate the modern idea of citizenship to social and political hierarchy in the transition from late Qing to early Republican China. The role of Japanese militarism in this process will be analysed and evidence will be drawn from a combination of elite politics and education policy and materials from China and Japan. The implications of this process for Chinese politics today will also be explored.
Christopher R. Hughes is Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), where he also served as Director of the Asia Research Centre from 2002 to 2005. He teaches specialist courses in the International Politics of the Asia Pacific, Chinese Foreign and Security Policy and Foreign Policy Analysis. His research focuses on the Asia-Pacific with special reference to Chinese foreign policy and politics. His publications include Taiwan and Chinese Nationalism (Routledge, 1997), China and the Internet: Politics of the Digital Leap Forward (edited with Gudrun Wacker, Routledge, 2003) and Chinese Nationalism in the Global Era (Routledge, 2006). He has also published various articles on Chinese politics and foreign policy, the international politics of the Asia Pacific, international relations theory and foreign policy in leading academic journals. His most recent article is ‘Militarism and the China Model: The Case of National Defense Education’, Journal of Contemporary China, December 2016.
Professor Hughes first visited China in 1986 and studied Mandarin at the National Normal University in Taiwan in 1989, where he also lived for most of the 1990s. He is now active in developing academic links with leading universities in East Asia, and has organised a number of joint projects with Renmin (People’s) University in Beijing, Fudan University in Shanghai and the Shanghai Institutes for International Relations. He has also developed ties with leading universities in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Japan, and has been a visiting fellow at Lingnan University (Hong Kong) Aichi University (Japan) and Waseda Universtity (Japan).