Politics and International Relations

Affiliation: Politics

Post: Associate Professor of Political Theory, Balliol, MPhil in Political Theory Course Director

E-mail:  daniel.butt [AT] politics.ox.ac.uk

College: Balliol College

Website: Personal Website

Office Address:  Balliol College

Research Interest Areas:

Dr Daniel Butt (MA, MPhil, DPhil Oxon)

Post: Associate Professor of Political Theory, Balliol, MPhil in Political Theory Course Director


Associate Professor in Political Theory, Department of Politics and International Relations.
Fellow and Tutor in Political Theory, Balliol College.
Director, MPhil in Political Theory.

Research Areas and Interests

Theories of distributive and rectificatory justice, with particular reference to historical injustice and international politics; egalitarianism; the ethics of cultural property; environmental ethics; the political theory of trade unionism; judicial politics and the philosophy of law. More details at http://users.ox.ac.uk/~wadh1010/

Previous Posts Held

2009-2013: Lecturer in Political Theory, University of Bristol

2004-2009: Fellow and Tutor in Politics, Oriel College, Oxford

2001-2004: Research Fellow and Tutor in Politics, Keble College

Teaching Responsibilities

Undergraduate: Introduction to Politics: The Theory and Practice of Democracy; Theory of Politics; History of Political Thought: Plato to Rousseau

Graduate: Theory of Politics; Ethics



Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations (Oxford University Press, 2009)


"Nations, overlapping generations and historic injustice", American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (2006), 357-67 pdf

"On benefiting from injustice", Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2007), 129-152  pdf

-        Reprinted in Lukas Meyer (ed.) Intergenerational Justice (Ashgate, 2012).

“Inheriting compensatory claims and duties: reparations to the descendants of “comfort women””, Journal of Asiatic Studies, 53 (2010), 40-70 (in Korean – translation by Sun Young Leepdf

(with Stuart White and Martin O’Neill) “Liberalism and trade unionism”International Union Rights, 18 (2012)

“Option luck, gambling, and fairness”, Ethical Perspectives 19,3 (2012), 417-443 pdf

“Repairing historical wrongs and the end of empire”, Social & Legal Studies 21,2 (2012), 227-242 pdf                   

“Inheriting rights to reparation: compensatory justice and the passage of time”, Ethical Perspectives 20, 2 (2013), 245-269 pdf

“’A doctrine quite new and altogether untenable’: defending the beneficiary pays principle”, Journal of Applied Philosophy (2014) pdf


“‘Victors’ justice’? Historic injustice and the legitimacy of international law”, in Lukas H. Meyer (ed) Legitimacy, Justice and Public International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 163-185 pdf

 “Global equality of opportunity as an institutional standard of distributive justice”, in Chios Carmody, Frank J. Garcia, and John Linarelli (eds.), Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 44-67 pdf

“Historic injustice and the inheritance of rights and duties in East Asia”, in Jun-Hyeok Kwak and Melissa Nobles (eds.) Inherited Responsibility and Historical Reconciliation in East Asia (Routledge, 2013) pdf

Colonialism and postcolonialism”, in Hugh LaFollette (ed.) The International Encyclopedia of Ethics (Blackwell, 2013), pp. 892-8 pdf

"‘The Polluter Pays’: Backward-looking principles of intergenerational Justice and the environment" in Jean-Christophe Merle (ed.), Spheres of Global Justice, (Dortrecht: Springer, 2013) pdf

“Reparative justice: the debate over inherited inequities”, in Rupert Jones-Parry and Andrew Robertson (eds.), The Commonwealth Yearbook 2014 (Cambridge: Commonwealth Secretariat, 2014) pdf

“Microfinance, non-ideal theory, and global distributive justice”, in Luis Cabrera and Tom Sorell (eds.) The Ethics of Microfinance (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming) pdf

“Historical justice in post-colonial contexts: repairing historical wrongs and the end of Empire”, in Janna Thompson and Klaus Neumann (eds.) Historical Justice and Memory (University of Wisconsin Press, forthcoming)

“Law, governance and the ecological ethos”, in Stephen Gardiner and Allen Thompson (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics (Oxford University Press, forthcoming)


The following reports were written for the Foundation for Law, Justice and Society in Oxford.

The Capacity of Courts to Handle Complexity (2009)

Adjudicating Socio-Economic Rights (2008)

Transformative Constitutionalism and Socio-Economic Rights (2008)

In Times of Crisis, Can We Trust the Courts? (2008)

If the Public Would Be Outraged by their Rulings, Should Judges Care? (2007)

The Courts and Social Policy in the United States (2007)

Report: Democracy, the Courts, and the Making of Public Policy (2006)

Policy Brief: Democracy, the Courts, and the Making of Public Policy (2006)

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