Jonathan Leader Maynard
(BA KCL. MPhil DPhil Oxf.)
Jonathan completed his undergraduate degree in War Studies and History at Kings College London in 2008, and then moved to the University of Oxford to take an MPhil in Political Theory and DPhil in Politics between 2008 and 2014. From 2011-2013 he worked as a Non-Stipendiary Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at St. Annes College, Oxford, and from 2013-2015 was the Rank-Manning Junior Research Fellow in Social Sciences at New College. He is now a Departmental Lecturer in International Relations in the DPIR and also a Lecturer at New College.
Jonathan’s central research interest is the role of ideology in political violence and armed conflict, especially in mass killings of civilians such as genocides, pogroms, ‘ethnic cleansing’ and terrorism. His work aims to produce a general, cross-case account of how violence against civilians is made to look justified to those who, in various ways, perpetrate it. His approach draws on a range of disciplines including genocide studies, International Relations, political theory, political sociology, intellectual history, social psychology and social epistemology. His past work has been particularly concerned with historical atrocities in Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and in the military operations of the Western Allies during World War II, but is now increasingly concerned with more contemporary cases, including the Rwandan genocide, violence in the former Yugoslavia, and Islamic Fundamentalist terrorism. More generally, Jonathan is interested in conflict and atrocity prevention, the study of ideologies, international normative and political theory, and military ethics.Political Theory Human rights Conflict management Ethics of war Identity Ideology International ethics and global justice International relations International security Methods Nationalism Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Religion Responsibility to protect Violence security and conflict
Jonathan mainly gives tutorials and university lectures in the four undergraduate International Relations papers: the International Relations Core paper, International Relations in the Era of the Cold War, International Relations in the Era of Two World Wars and the Special Subject paper in International Security and Conflict. He also teaches on the department's MPhil in International Relations degree, and has tutored on the department's undergraduate papers in Theory of Politics and Sociological Theory.
Jonathan is open to supervise undergraduate, masters or doctoral dissertations/theses centrally concerned with ideology, political violence, genocide, mass atrocities, contemporary patterns of violent confict, or closely related topics.
- Ideology and armed conflict, Journal of Peace Research [Forthcoming].
- Is there a distinctively political normativity?, Ethics 128/4 (2018): 756-787 [co-authored with Alex Worsnip].
- Convergence and Divergence in the Study of Ideology: A Critical Review, British Journal of Political Science 48/2 (2018): 563-589 [co-authored with Matto Mildenberger].
- Dangerous Speech and Dangerous Ideology: An Integrated Model for Monitoring and Prevention, Genocide Studies and Prevention 9/3 (2016): 70-95 [co-authored with Susan Benesch].
- Preventing Mass Atrocities: Ideological Strategies and Interventions, Politics and Governance 3/3 (2015): 67-84.
- Rethinking the Role of Ideology in Mass Atrocities, Terrorism and Political Violence 26/5 (2014): 821-841.
- A Complex Systems Approach to the Study of Ideology: Cognitive-Affective Structures and the Dynamics of Belief Systems, Journal of Social and Political Psychology 1/1 (2013): 337-363 [co-authored with Thomas Homer-Dixon, Matto Mildenberger, Manjana Milkoreit, Steven J. Mock, Stephen Quilley, Tobias Schrder and Paul Thagard].
- A map of the field of ideological analysis, Journal of Political Ideologies 18/3 (2013): 299-327.
- Ideology, in William Outhwaite and Stephen Turner, Handbook of Political Sociology (London: Sage Publications, 2018) [forthcoming].
- Ideological Analysis, in Adrian Blau (ed.), Research Methods in Analytical Political Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016).
- Combating Atrocity-justifying Ideologies, in Jennifer Welsh & Serena Sharma (eds.), The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges to Atrocity Prevention (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).
- Liberal and Non-Liberal Justifications of Mass Violence Against Civilians, in Alan Cromartie (ed.), Liberal Wars: Anglo-American strategy, ideology, and practice (Abingdon: Routledge, 2015).
- Countering Ideologies That Justify Mass Atrocities,The Prevention Toolbox: Systematising Policy Tools for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities, Policy Brief 4 of 6, Australian Civil-Military Centre & Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (2013) [available: http://acmc.gov.au/the-prevention-toolbox-acmc-supports-oxford-project-on-how-to-prevent-mass-atrocities/].
- Leader Maynard, J, (2018) 'Ideology'
- Leader Maynard, J, (2017) 'Ideological Analysis'
- Leader Maynard, J, (2015) 'Combating Atrocity-Justifying Ideologies'
- Leader Maynard, J, (2019) 'Ideology and armed conflict', Journal of Peace Research, vol. 56 (5) p635-649
- Maynard, JL, Worsnip, A, (2018) 'Is there a distinctively political normativity?', Ethics, vol. 128 (4) p756-787
- Maynard, JL, Mildenberger, M, (2018) 'Review article: Convergence and divergence in the study of ideology: A critical review', British Journal of Political Science, vol. 48 (2) p563-589
- Maynard, JL, (2015) 'Preventing mass atrocities: Ideological strategies and interventions', Politics and Governance, vol. 3 (3) p67-84
- Maynard, JL, (2014) 'Rethinking the role of ideology in mass atrocities', Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 26 (5) p821-841
Jonathan sits on the International Relations Undergraduate Teaching panel in the department. He also conducts PPE and History & Politics admissions for New College, and is part of the MPhil in International Relations admissions team within the department.
Jonathan can be contacted on matters relating to any of the following topics: mass violence against civilians; the ideologies of terrorist, genocidal or otherwise atrocity-perpetrating groups; the prevention of genocide, mass killings and other atrocities. He has experience of radio interviews, and as an expert source in print media articles.