Completed Research - Workshop: Peacebuilding and Corruption
Conveners: Christine Cheng, Dominik Zaum, Richard Ponzio
Every year, the international community spends billions of dollars on peacebuilding activities and post-conflict reconstruction. Often, a significant portion of these funds are siphoned off due to corrupt activities, eroding confidence in new democratic institutions, undermining economic development, diverting scarce public resources for infrastructure investments, and reducing the delivery of vital social services. As peacebuilding missions, bilateral aid agencies, and international NGOs struggle to balance quick delivery of services with full accountability for taxpayer dollars, the problem of corruption inevitably arises. For some, it is an additional operating expenditure and receives a budget line like any other expense; for others, it fuels a financial divide between political elites and the rest of the population that undermines and retards the peacebuilding process.
With the support of CIS and the World Bank, the workshop on 'Peacebuilding and corruption' has successfully brought together leading international scholars and practitioners to develop a framework for thinking about peacebuilding and corruption by building on existing theories. This framework and its associated concepts and ideas will be applied to case studies of Liberia, Afghanistan, and Bosnia and Herzegovina— each at a different stage of the peacebuilding process. The convenors will be editing a special issue of International Peacekeeping on this topic in 2008.
Per Bergling has drafted a paper on adaptation, compensation and imposition: paradigms for purging the Bosnian judiciary, which was also presented as a slideshow.
Alix Boucher contributed thoughts on peacebuilding .
Boris Divjak has drafted a case study on peacebuilding in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is also available as a slideshow presentation.
Anke Hoeffler contributed a paper on aid, policy and growth.
Khwaga Kakar contributed a paper on corruption and drugs.
Mark Philp has drafted a paper on the subject of corruption and peacebuilding.
William Reno (Department of Political Science Northwestern University) has contributed a paper on the situation in Liberia (Dizzy with success: rethinking anti-corruption efforts in Liberia).
Programme Coordinator: Laurens van Apeldoorn