Mr Ebenezer Azamati
United Nations Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Foreign Policy and Diplomacy Institutions and organisations
I am a student of classical realism, interested in great power interactions in the international system and international institutions, great power politics in the two World Wars and the Cold War, US foreign policy, the Soviet Union in World politics, Russian foreign policy, and Chinese foreign policy. I was awarded a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science at the University of Ghana in 2016 and received a Master of Science in International Politics from the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies in 2018. I am currently reading for the degree of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) International Relations at the University of Oxford.
My principal research interest lies in the considerations and impetuses that impel contemporary non-democratic great powers to partake in United Nations activities rooted in Western ideas, values, practices, and strategies adopted to maintain a pacific international liberal order.
To make sense of the rationale for the engagement of non-democratic permanent members of the Security Council with western ideas, values, practices, and strategies espoused by the UN, I am drawing on Classical Realism, Neo-institutionalism, Social Identity Theory, the Status Seeking School and the World Polity School of Sociology to produce a thirty-thousand-word thesis that specifically explores why China and Russia engage with, and participate in UN led liberal peacebuilding efforts that stress the need for holding and monitoring elections, creating and maintaining democratic institutions, strengthening respect for human rights and the rule of law in post-conflict states in spite of the two not being liberal democratic countries.
My research surveys questions ranging from inter alia: How do China and Russia engage with liberal peace-building resolutions at the Security Council as veto-wielding states? Why do they not oppose UN Security Council resolutions furthering the idea of liberal peace building processes? What ideas inform the participation of China and Russia in liberal peace-building? How do these ideas shape the conduct of liberal peace-building operations in practice? How do China and Russia contribute towards the liberal peace-building agenda? What do China and Russia contribute to UN liberal peace-building? Are China and Russia’s approaches to liberal peacebuilding well suited to the task of consolidating peace in post-conflict states? And what has been the impact of the contributions from China and Russia to the liberal peace-building agenda?
By addressing these questions, my thesis hopes to offer a founding grounds for broader attempts to think beyond the regular discussions on the relevance or less of liberal peace-building, and particularly, provide an original reference point for evaluating the essential reasons for China and Russia’s engagement with and participation in UN led liberal peace-building, an activity that is at odd with the style of governance and the political values they practise and stand for.