Xibai Xu | Student | Profiles
Xibai Xu

Mr Xibai Xu

Research topic:
Private Foundations, Social Enterprises and Civil Society Developments in Contemporary China
Degree course:

Academic Profile

Significant transformation is now taking place within Chinas NGO sector: the rise of private charitable foundations, social enterprises and the paradigm of new charity poses challenges and opportunities to both the party-state and grassroots social organizations. Based on statistical data, case studies and extensive interviews in China, I show how the Chinese state has embraced and manipulated market mechaism to aid in its management of social organizations. I argue that while the penetration of market forces is empowering certain types of NGOs, its close connection to political authority is also inhibiting other NGOs in key policy areas. Despite the availability of tremendous financial resources, the space for civil society in China may be shrinking and its influence diminishing.

Teaching specialism, interests and experience

At Oxford, I have taught tutorials in Chinese politics at undergraduate level for several colleges, and have done collection marking and revision classes.

Comparative politics, democratization, civil society, the government and politics of China.


Conference Grant, Social Sciences Doctoral Training Centre, University of Oxford (2014)
Conference Grant, Department of Politics and International Relations & St Antonys College, Oxford (2013)
Joint Research Grant, with Jun Han and Tuuka Toivoven (P.I.), Sad Business School, Oxford (2013)
T. D. Allman Scholarship, St Antonys College, Oxford (2012)
Dahrendorf Research Grant, St Antonys College, Oxford (2012)
Departmental Studentship, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford (2010-2011)
The Leverhulme Trust Graduate Top-Up Grant (2011)
Wardens Scholarship, St Antonys College, Oxford (2010)
Dahrendorf Scholarship, St Antonys College, Oxford (2010)

Conference Papers and Presentations

Between State and Market: the Struggle of Social Entrepreurs and Private Charitable Foundations in China, the 64th Political Studies Association Annual International Conference, 14 April 2014, Manchester

Collaborative Social Innovation and Internet Architectures: Fundamental Concepts and Examples from China and Japan (co-authored with Jun Han and Tuukka Toivonen), the 11th Chinese Internet Research Conference, 11 June 2013, University of Oxford

Selective Control and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Charity in China, the 15th Harvard East Asia Society Conference, 24-26 February 2012, Harvard University

Neoliberalism and Political Freedom in China, the 1st Dahrendorf Colloquium, 01 May 2010, St Antonys College, Oxford.