Hirohide Takikawa is a Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations (DPIR), University of Oxford. He is Professor of College of Law and Politics at Rikkyo University (Tokyo, Japan). He is President of the Japanese section of The International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR).
Hirohide Takikawa is particularly interested in the study of global justice, global governance, political obligation, democracy, responsibility, and punishment. In his recent book titled Philosophy of the State: From Political Obligation and Global Republic (Tokyo: The University of Tokyo Press, 2017), he critically examines many influential theories that ground political obligation by clarifying their logical structure, and finally defends a natural duty account by claiming that we have a moral duty to obey the law if and only if we will reach a global juridical state by doing so. He also shows that we need a global republic which has an ultimate authority about global governance and that we also need states even in such an ideal world. His publications also include a book titled The Significance of Responsibility (Tokyo: Keiso Shobo, 2003), in which he defends compatibilism about a classical problem of free will and shows a response-based view of the practices of responsibility against a burden-based view.
Here Hirohide Takikawa will conduct research on a democratic argument of political obligation, which holds that there is a moral duty to obey the law when it is made valid through democratic procedures. To give an answer to the question of democratic authority and political obligation, he will examine the relationship among authority, legitimacy and obligation, and investigate epistemic and/or participatory values of democracy. He is thinking that focusing on the “outsiders” of democratic decision, such as aliens, minors, and prisoners, will offer us a new insight into democratic authority.