Zsolt Enyedi

PhD, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Leverhulme Visiting Professor
Pembroke College

Zsolt Enyedi is Professor at the Political Science Department of Central European University (CEU). He has published extensively on party systems, political attitudes, populism, church and state relations, religion and politics, de-democratisation, party organisation, and authoritarianism. At CEU Zsolt Enyedi supervised 13 doctoral students and close to 80 MA students and served as head of department, director of doctoral school and, between 2016 and 2020, as pro-rector. Zsolt is particularly interested in the relationship between agency and structure in the development of political cleavages, and in right-wing political ideologies.

Zsolt was the 2003 recipient of the Rudolf Wildenmann Prize, the 2004 winner of the Bibó Award and he received in 2020 the Award of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He held research fellowships at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Kellogg Institute (Notre Dame University), the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies, the European University Institute (Florence, Italy) and Johns Hopkins University.

Zsolt Enyedi

Research summary

Research interests

Democracy and Democratic Theory, Eastern Europe, Democracy and Democratisation


‘Policy representation in Europe (with Andrea Pedrazzani and Paolo Segatti) in Parliamentary Candidates Between Voters and Parties’ (edited by Hermann Schmitt, Lieven de Winter and Rune Karlsen), Abingdon: Routledge, 2021, 164-195

‘Total Victory: The 2018 Hungarian Elections in Terms of Economy, Migration and the Media’ (with Daniel Rona) in: Bernhard Weßels and Harald Schoen (eds) Wahlen und Wähler: Analysen aus Anlass der Bundestagwahl 2017, Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2021

‘Right-wing authoritarian innovations in Central and Eastern Europe, East European Politics,’ 2020, 36:2, DOI: 10.1080/21599165.2020.1787162

‘Party Systems: Types, Dimensions, and Explanations’ (with Fernando Casal-Bértoa) In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford University Press, 2020. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.ORE_POL-01754.R1

‘Populism and Representation in Illiberal Democracies’ (with Stephen Whitefield) In Handbook of Political Representation in Liberal Democracies, edited by Robert Rohrschneider and Jacques Thomassen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 582-598.

‘The Central European University in the Trenches’. In János M. Kovács and Balázs Trencsényi (eds) Brave New Hungary, Rowman and Littlefield, 2020, 243-266

‘Origins and Effects of Populism. A comment on Philippe Schmitter’s Essay ‘The Vices and Virtues’’, Sociologica, 2019, 13 (2), 7-8

‘In the land of inefficacy: talking about Hungarian approaches to participation (with Gergő Závecz)’ In Clare Saunders and Bert Klandermans (eds) When Citizens Talk About Politics. Milton Park, UK: Routledge, 2019, 153-172

‘Democratic Backsliding and Academic Freedom in Hungary’, Perspectives on Politics, 2018, 16 (4), 1067-1074

‘Orbán’s Laboratory of Illiberalism’ (with Peter Kreko), Journal of Democracy, 2018, 28 (3), 39-51

‘Populisms in Europe: Leftist, Rightist, Centrist and Paternalist-Nationalist Challengers’ (with Martin Mölder) In Lise Herman and James Muldoon (eds) Trumping the Mainstream: The Conquest of Mainstream Democratic Politics by Far-Right Populism, London: Routledge, 2018, 54-94

‘Institutionalization and de-institutionalization in post-communist party systems’ (with Fernando Casal-Bértoa), East European Politics and Societies and Cultures, 2018, 32: 3, 422-450

‘Governmental and Oppositional Populism: Competition and Division of Labor’ (with Daniel Róna) In: Stephen Wolinetz and Andrej Zaslove (eds) Absorbing the Blow: The Impact of Populist Parties on European Party Systems. Colchester: ECPR Press, 2018, 251-272

‘Voters and Parties in Eastern Europe’ (with Kevin Deegan-Krause) In: Adam Fagan and Petr Kopecky (eds) The Routledge Handbook of East European Politics, London: Routledge, 2017, 169-183

‘Populist Polarization and Party System Institutionalization: The Role of Party Politics in De-Democratization’, Problems of Post-Communism, 2016, 63: 4, 210-220

‘Party System Closure: Conceptualization, Operationalization, and Validation’ (with Fernando Casal-Bértoa), Party Politics, 2016, 22: 3, 265–277

‘Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies: How parties organize in the 21st century’ (with Poguntke T., Scarrow S., Webb P., Allern E.H., Aylott N., Van Biezen I., Calossi E., Costa Lobo M., Cross W.P., Deschouwer K., Fabre E., Farrell D.M., Gauja A., Pizzimenti E., Kopecky P., Koole R., Kosiara-Pedersen K., Müller W.C., Rahat G., Szczerbiak A., Van Haute, E., Verge T.) Party Politics, 2016, vol. 22, no. 6, 661-678

‘Paternalist Populism and Illiberal Elitism in Central Europe’, Journal of Political Ideologies, 2016, 21:1, 9-25

‘Choosing you own boss: Variations of representation foci in mixed electoral systems’ (with Mihail Chiru), Journal of Legislative Studies, 2015, vol.21, no. 4, pp. 495-514

‘The Influence of Voting Advice Applications on Preferences, Loyalties and Turnout: An Experimental Study’, Political Studies, 2016, vol. 64, no 4, 1000-1015

‘Socio-demographic and psychological determinants of political (in)tolerance: Hungary at the dawn of the 21st century’ (with Bojan Todosijević), Psihološka istraživanja, vol. 18. no 1. 2015, 23-46

‘Plebeians, citoyens and aristocrats or where is the bottom of bottom-up? The case of Hungary’ In Hanspeter Kriesi and Takis Pappas (eds.) Populism in the Shadow of the Great Recession. Colchester: ECPR Press 2015, 229-244

‘The Discreet Charm of Political Parties’, Party Politics, 2014, vol. 20, no. 2, 194–204

‘Patterns of party competition (1990–2009)’ (with Fernando Casal-Bértoa) in: Paul G. Lewis and Radoslaw Markowski (eds.) Europeanising party politics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe after Enlargement.Manchester:Manchester University Press, 2011, 116-142

‘The quality of social, partisan and governmental representation’ (with Radoslaw Markowski) in: Paul G. Lewis and Radoslaw Markowski (eds.) Europeanising party politics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe after Enlargement. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011, 179-217

‘Agency and the Structure of Party Competition’ (with Kevin Deegan-Krause), West European Politics, 2010, 33:3, 686-710

‘Adversarial politics, civic virtues and party identification in Eastern and Western Europe’ (with Bojan Todosijević). In: Political parties and partisanship: Social identities and individual attitudes. ed. by John Bartle and Paolo Bellucci. London: Routledge, 2009, 246-284

‘Authoritarianism without Dominant Ideology: Political Manifestations of Authoritarian Attitudes in Hungary’ (with Bojan Todosijević) Political Psychology, 2008, vol. 29, issue 5, 767-787

‘Searching for the Right Organisation: Ideology and Party Structure in East-Central Europe’ (with Lukáš Linek) Party Politics, 2008, vol. 14, no. 3, vol. 14, no. 4, 457-479

‘The Social and Attitudinal Basis of Political Parties: Cleavage Politics Revisited’, European Review, 2008, vol. 16, no. 3, 287-304

‘Parties in Eastern Europe: A Post-Transition Assessment’, In: Christian Lequesne and Monika MacDonagh-Pajerová (eds) La Citoyenneté démocratique dans l’Europe des vingt-sept, Paris: L’Harmattan, 2007, 155-171

‘The ‘Europeanization’ of Eastern Central European Party Systems’, EPSnet Kiosk Plus, 2007, 67-74

‘Party Funding in Hungary’ In: Daniel Smilov and Jurij Toplak (eds.) Political Finance and Corruption in Eastern Europe: The Transition Period, Ashgate, 2007

‘Media, Parties and Political Transition: Contrasting Approaches of Sister-Disciplines’ In: Robert Stradling (ed.) Crossroads of European Histories - Multiple Outlooks on Five Key Moments in the History of Europe. Council of Europe, 2007, 383 -385

‘Stability in the Shadow of Chaos’ In: Parliamentary Elections and Party Landscape in the Visegrad Group Countries, ed. by Vit Housek and Roman Chytilek, Brno: Masaryk University Press, 2007, 116-134

‘The Only Game in Town: Party Politics in Hungary’ (with Gábor Tóka) In: Stephen White and Paul Webb (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 149-178

‘The Impact of the European Union on Party Politics in Central and Eastern Europe’ (with Paul G. Lewis) In Paul G. Lewis and Zdenka Mansfeldova (eds.): The European Union and Party Politics in East Central Europe. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 247-268

‘Playing with Europe. The Impact of European Integration on the Hungarian Party System’ In Paul G. Lewis and Zdenka Mansfeldova (eds.): The European Union and Party Politics in East Central Europe. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006

‘Postmaterialism and authoritarianism in Hungary: Evidence from a two-generations study’ (with Bojan Todosijević). In Russel Farnen, Henk Dekker, Christ'l De Landtsheer, Heinz Suenker, and Daniel B. German (eds.) Political Culture, Socialization and Education: Interdisciplinary and Cross National Perspectives for a New Century. Frankfurt: Peter Lang Verlag, 2006, 77-98

‘Accounting for Organisation and Financing. A Contrast of Four Hungarian Parties’ Europe-Asia Studies, 2006, vol. 58, 7, 1101-1117

‘The Survival of the Fittest: Party System Concentration in Hungary’ In: Susanne Jungerstan-Mulders (ed.) Post-Communist EU Member States: Parties and Party Systems. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006. 177- 202.

‘Party Politics in Post-Communist Transition’ In: William Crotty and Richard Katz (eds.) Handbook of Political Parties. London: Sage, 2006. 228-238

‘Hungary’ In: Thomas D. Grant (ed.) Lobbying, Government Relations, and Campaign Finance Worldwide: Navigating the Laws, Regulations, and Practices of National Regimes. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana, 2005, 141-152

‘The Role of Agency in Cleavage Formation’ European Journal of Political Research, 2005, vol. 44, no. 5, 697-720

‘Is prejudice growing in Hungary? Changes in anti-Semitism, anti-Roma feeling and xenophobia over the last decade’ (with Zoltán Fábián and Endre Sik). In: Tamás Kolosi, István György Tóth, György Vukovich (eds.) Social Report 2004. Budapest: Tárki, 2005, 363-385

‘Understanding Authoritarianism’ Psychological Antecedents and Ideological Consequences (with Bojan Todosijević) Central European Political Science Review, 2005, vol. 4., no. 15, 35-51

‘Churches and the Consolidation of Democratic Culture: Difference and Convergence in the Czech Republic and Hungary’ (with Joan O’Mahony), Democratization, 2004, vol. 11, no 4, 171-191. (The journal issue has been published as a separate volume by Routledge, 2005 entitled ‘Religion, Democracy and Democratization’, edited by John Anderson, and the article has been reprinted by the journal Religion in Eastern Europe, November 2005, 21-42, and by the Armenian Journal Religion and Society, Bekor-Hrant Publishing House, 2008, no. 4)

‘How core concepts travel? Teaching party politics in Eastern Europe’ epsNet Kiosk Plus, 2003, vol. 1, no. 2, 87-90

‘Structure versus Culture Again: Corporatism and the ‘New Politics’ in 16 Countries of Western Europe’ (with Bojan Todosijević), European Journal of Political Research, 2003, vol. 42, no. 5, 629-642

‘The Contested Politics of Positive Neutrality in Hungary’ In: John Madeley and Zsolt Enyedi (eds.) Church and State in Contemporary Europe. The Chimera of Neutrality. London: Frank Cass, 2003, 157-176. (First published as article in West European Politics, Vol. 26, No.1, January 2003)

‘Emerging issues in the study of church and state relations’ In: John Madeley and Zsolt Enyedi (eds.) Church and State in Contemporary Europe. The Chimera of Neutrality. London: Frank Cass, 2003, 218-232. (First published as article in West European Politics, Vol. 26, No.1, January 2003)

‘Authoritarianism vs. Cultural Pressure’ (with Bojan Todosijević), Journal of Russian and East European Psychology, 2002, vol. 40, no. 5, 31-54

‘Authoritarianism and Prejudice in Present-Day Hungary’ (co-authored with Ferenc Erős and Zoltán Fábián) In: Karen Phalet and Antal Örkény (eds.) Ethnic Minority and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Context: A Dutch Hungarian Comparison. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002, 201-215

‘Anti-Jewish Prejudice in Contemporary Hungary: A Socio-Psychological Causal Model’ (co-authored with Bojan Todosijević), Social Thought and Research, 2002, vol. 24, 1-2, 313-342

‘Organization of Mass Political Attitudes in Hungary’ (with Bojan Todosijević), Polish Psychological Bulletin, 2002. vol. 33, No. 1, 15-26.

‘Clerical and religious polarization in Hungary’ In: David Broughton and Hans-Martin Ten Napel (eds.) Religion and Mass Electoral Behaviour. London: Routledge. 2000, 157-176

‘Causal Models of Antisemitism: Two Hungarian Studies’ In: Enyedi-Erős (eds.) Authoritarianism and Prejudice. Budapest: Osiris.1999, 125-155

‘Research on Authoritarianism: East and West compared’ (with Ferenc Erős) In Enyedi and Erős (eds.) Authoritarianism and Prejudice. Budapest: Osiris.1999, 9-29

‘Relationships between Authoritarianism and Political Affiliations’ In: Zsolt Speder (ed.) Hungary in Flux: Society, Politics and Transformation. Hamburg: Krämer, 1999, 183-207. (Based on the 1996 Századvég article.)

‘Organizing a subcultural party in Eastern Europe. The case of the Hungarian Christian Democrats’ Party Politics 1996/3, 377-396

‘Hungarian Case Studies: The Alliance of Free Democrats and the Alliance of Young Democrats’ (with Magdolna Balázs). In: Paul Lewis (ed.) Party Structure and Organization in East-Central Europe, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1996, 43-65