Gerda Raissar

Research Topic:

Why do EU member states cooperate in foreign policy? Explaining cooperation on sanctions
International Relations Network
St Antony's College
DPhil International Relations

I'm a DPhil candidate in International Relations at St Antony's College, the University of Oxford. My research focuses on foreign policy cooperation in the EU, specifically on sanctions. Each member state has the right to veto most decisions in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy, including the adoption and extension of sanctions. The veto right is used less frequently than member states’ different foreign policy traditions, priorities, and preferences might lead us to expect. Interestingly, member states with blocking preferences on sanctions occasionally refrain from using their veto right and choose to cooperate. My research seeks to explain why.

Prior to starting my DPhil, I completed a BSocSc (Hons) in Politics and International Relations at the University of Manchester and an MPhil in International Relations at the University of Oxford.


My research interests include:

  • international cooperation
  • international organisations
  • international norms
  • EU foreign policy
  • sanctions


I teach undergraduates in the following IR papers:

  • International Relations (214)