The policy brief, which is particularly relevant in light of the war in Ukraine and increased talks of the creation of a European army (see EU March 2022 “Strategic Compass”), was commissioned by the Observatory of Italian Foreign Policy – a collaboration between two of Italy’s largest foreign policy think-tanks. The subsequent policy paper is being circulated among Italian policy makers and members of the Foreign Affairs Commission in the Italian parliament.
In their analysis, Professor Ruggeri and his co-author Dr Fabrizio Coticchia recommend that Italy creates new standardised and systematic evaluation methods, and inclusive and transparent analysis for assessing and planning peacekeeping missions and military actions.
They also advocate creating a permanent national security council similar to the US model to develop robust analysis and long-term decision-making on Italy’s foreign policy, defence strategy and peacekeeping activities. This is especially important as, since the Cold War, Italy has been increasingly active within international peacekeeping.
A move to long-term proactivity rather than short-term reactivity would give Italy’s missions the best chance of success and help avoid costly mistakes.