Rosemary Foot

MA PhD (Lond); FBA

Emeritus Professor
Senior Research Fellow in International Relations, DPIR
Fellow Emeritus St Antony's College
St Antony's College

Rosemary Foot is Professor and Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations. She is also an associate of the China Centre, and an Emeritus Fellow of St Antony's College. Previously she was Professor of International Relations, and the John Swire Senior Research Fellow in the International Relations of East Asia at St Antony's College, Oxford University from 1990-2014. She was Senior Tutor, 2003-2005, and Acting Warden of the College from December 2011 to September 2012.

Professor Foot studied at the University of Essex (1972), the London School of Oriental and African Studies (1973), and the London School of Economics and Political Science where she completed a PhD degree in 1977. She then took up a post as Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Sussex, in the School of English and American Studies, acting as Sub Dean of the School from 1985 and 1987, and moving to Oxford in 1990.

Over the course of her academic career, she has held visiting academic appointments in a number of countries, including Australia, China, New Zealand, Oslo, Singapore, and the United States. Her research has been supported financially by the American Council of Learned Societies/Fulbright Scholar; the British Academy; the Leverhulme Trust; and the DPIR at Oxford.

Previous Posts

  • Lecturer in International Relations, University of Sussex, 1978-1990


China's resurgence and Regional and Global Order

Security issues in the Asia-Pacific

Institutional developments in the Asia-Pacific

Human rights diplomacy

China’s regional policy

US-China Relations

Rosemary Foot


Professor Foot has a research only position and no longer teaches or supervises on the MPhil in International Relations



China, the UN, and Human Protection: Beliefs, Power, Image (Oxford University Press, 2020), paperback and hardback

(with Andrew Walter) China, the United States and Global Order (Cambridge University Press, 2011, paperback and hardback.

Framing Security Agendas: U.S. Counter-Terrorist Policies and Southeast Asian Responses, Policy Studies 49, East West Center, Washington DC 2008

Human Rights and Counterterrorism in America’s Asia Policy, Adelphi Paper, no 363, February 2004 (OUP for IISS, London)

Rights Beyond Borders: the Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China (OUP 2000)

The Practice of Power: US Relations with China since 1949 (OUP, 1995)

A Substitute for Victory: the Politics of Peacemaking at the Korean Armistice Talks (Cornell UP 1990)

The Wrong War: American Policy and the Dimensions of the Korean Conflict, 1950-53 (Cornell UP 1985)

Edited and Co-edited Books

co-editor and introduction, (with Saadia M. Pekkanen and John Ravenhill), The Oxford Handbook of the International Relations of Asia(New York: Oxford University Press, 2014)

(ed.) China Across the Divide: The Domestic and Global in Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) 

(co-edited) Does China Matter? A Reassessment (Routledge, 2004)
(co-edited) Order and Justice in International Relations (OUP, 2003)
(co-edited) US Hegemony and International Organizations (OUP, 2003)
(co-edited) Hong Kong’s Transitions 1842-1997 (Macmillan, 1997)
(co-edited) Migration: the Asian Experience (Macmillan, 1993)

Articles and Book chapters 

“From Globalisation to Fragmentation? The Erosion of Confidence in the Asia-Pacific”, in Felix Heiduk, (ed.) Asian Geopolitics and the US-China Rivalry, Routledge, 2022

“Regions and Regionalism: Confronting New Forms of Connectedness,” in Thomas G. Weiss and Rorden Wilkinson (eds). Global Governance Futures, Routledge, 2022 

“Beijing and the UN, 50 Years On”, The Diplomat, October 2021

“R2P Sidelined: the International Response to China’s Repression of Muslim Minorities in Xinjiang”, Global Responsibility to Protect, 13, 2021

 “A World Unsafe for Democracy? China and the Shaping of Global Order,” Journal of the British Academy, 9, July 2021.

 “China’s Rise and US Hegemony: Renegotiating Hegemonic Order in East Asia” International Politics, Vol. 57, No. 2, 2020.

 (With Amy King) “China’s World View in the Xi Jinping Era: Where do Japan, Russia and the United States Fit?” The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 2020.

 (With Amy King) “Assessing the Deterioration in China-US Relations: US Governmental Perspectives on the Economic-Security Nexus,” China International Strategy Review Vol. 1, No. 1, 2019.

“Remembering the Past to Secure the Present: Versailles Legacies in a Resurgent China” International Affairs, Vol. 95, No. 1, January 2019.

(With Kate Sullivan de Estrada) “China’s and India’s Search for International Status through the UN System: Competition and Complementarity”, Contemporary Politics, Vol. 25, Issue 5, 2019

 (with Evelyn Goh) “The International Relations of East Asia: A New Research Prospectus,” International Studies Review, Vol. 21, Issue 3, September 2019.

"Restraints on Conflict in the China-US Relationship: Contesting Power Transition Theory" in Asle Toje (ed) Will China's Rise be Peaceful? (NY: Oxford University Press, 2018)

"Power Transitions and Great Power Management: Three Decades of China-Japan-US Relations" The Pacific Review, 30:6, 2017

 “China-US Relations” in Mark Frazier and Weiping Wu (eds) Sage Handbook on Contemporary China (2018)

"The State, Development and Humanitarianism: China's Shaping of the Trajectory of the 'Responsibility to Protect'" in Alex Bellamy and Tim Dunne (eds) The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect (Oxford University Press, 2016).

“The US Rebalance To Asia: American and Northeast Asian Perspectives” EAI working paper (Seoul: EAI), March 2016.

"The Borderlands Concept and Its Application to China's Relations with its Asian Neighbours", EUI/RSCAS Working Paper 2016/44, BORDERLANDS Project, San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.

“Social Boundaries in Flux: Secondary Regional Organizations and their Relationship with Regional International Society” in Barry Buzan and Zhang Yongjin (eds.) Contesting International Society in East Asia, (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

“Constraints on Conflict in the Asia-Pacific: Balancing ‘the War Ledger’”, Political Science, 2014.

(with Rana Siu Inboden) “China’s Influence on Asian States during the Creation of the UN Human Rights Council: 2005-2007”, Asian Survey, Vol. 54: 5, Sept./Oct 2014. Also published in Evelyn Goh (ed.) China's Influence in Developing Asia, (Oxford University Press, 2015).

“’Doing Some Things’ in the Xi Jinping Era: The United Nations As China’s Venue of Choice”, International Affairs, Vol. 90:5, Sept. 2014

(with Andrew Walter) “Global Norms and Major State Behaviour: The Cases of China and the United States”, European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 19: 3, June 2013. 

"Selective or Effective Multilateralism? The George W. Bush Administration’s Proliferation Security Initiative and China’s Response” in Jochen Prantl (ed.) Effective Multilateralism (Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2013)

“Asia’s Cooperation and Governance: The role of East Asian Regional Organizations in Regional Governance: Constraints and Contributions”, Japanese Journal of Political Science, Vol. 13, Part 1, March 2012.

"US-China Interactions in Global Governance and International Organizations", in David Shambaugh (ed.) Tangled Titans:The United States and China (Lanham, Md: Rowman and Littlefield, 2012).

"China and the Tian'anmen Bloodshed of June 1989" in Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Tim Dunne (eds.) Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases (Oxford University Press, 1st edition 2008, 2nd edition, 2012, 3rd Edition 2016).

“The Korean War, 60 years on: Strategic, Political and Normative Consequences” Seoul Journal of Korean Studies, 24:1, June 2011.

“The Responsibility to Protect (r2p) and its Evolution: Beijing’s Influence on Norm Creation in Humanitarian Areas,” St Antony’s International Review 6, no. 2, 2011: 47–66.

The Cold War and Human Rights” in (eds.) Melvyn P. Leffler, and Odd Arne Westad, The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol. III, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

“Strategy, Politics, and World Order Perspectives: Comparing the EU and US approaches to China’s Resurgence” in Robert S. Ross, Oystein Tunsjo and Zhang Tuosheng, (eds.) US-China-EU Relations: Managing the New World Order , London, Routledge, 2010.

“Human Rights and China’s International Relations” in Shaun Breslin (ed.) Handbook of China’s International Relations, London, Routledge, 2010.

“China and the United States: Between Cold and Warm Peace” in Survival, December/January 2009/2010.

“China’s Policies toward the Asia-Pacific Region: changing perceptions of self and changing others’ perceptions of China?” in Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao and Cheng-yi Lin (eds.) Rise of China: Beijing’s Strategies and Implications for the Asia-Pacific (London: Routledge, 2009).

“Modes of Regional Conflict Management: comparing security cooperation over the Korean Peninsula, Taiwan, and the South China Sea” in Amitav Acharya and Evelyn Goh (eds) Reassessing Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific: competition, congruence, and transformation, Cambridge, Mass: Belfer Center/MIT Press, 2007

"Exceptionalism Again: the Bush Administration, the 'Global War on Terror' and Human Rights", Law and History Review, 26:3, 2008.

"The United Nations, Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights: Institutional Adaptation and Embedded Ideas", Human Rights Quarterly, May 2007

"Human Rights in Conflict", Survival, Autumn 2006

“Chinese Strategies in a US-Hegemonic Global Order: Accommodating and Hedging”, International Affairs vol. 82, no. 1, Jan./Feb.2006

“Torture: the struggle over a peremptory norm in a counter-terrorist era”, E.H. Carr Memorial Lecture, University of Wales at Aberystwyth, October 2005 published in International Relations vol. 20 no. 2, June 2006

“Opportunities Lost, Prizes Won: The US Normalization of its Relations with China 1972-1979”, in Kirby, W.C., Ross, R.S., and Gong Li, (eds.) Normalization of US-China Relations, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Asia Center, Harvard University Press, 2006

“Human Rights and Counter-terrorism in Global Governance: Reputation and Resistance” Global Governance, vol. 11, no. 3, Summer 2005

“China’s Regional Activism: Leadership, Leverage, and Protection” in Global Change, Peace and Security, vol. 17, no.2, June 2005

“Collateral Damage: human rights consequences of counterterrorist action in the Asia-Pacific”, International Affairs, vol. 81, no. 2, March 2005

co-author (with Evelyn Goh) “From Containment to Containment?: The United States and China since 1949” in Robert Schulzinger (ed.) Blackwell’s Companion to the History of US Foreign Relations Oxford: Blackwells, 2003

“Bush, China and Human Rights”, Survival, vol. 45, no 2, Summer 2003

“U.S. Credibility at Stake: Domestic Supremacy in America’s Human Rights Policy”, in Yuen Foong Khong and David Malone (eds.) Unilateralism and US Foreign Policy Boulder, Colo.:Lynne Rienner 2003

“The UN System as a Pathway to Security in Asia: A Buttress not a Pillar”, in Muthiah Alagappa (ed.) Asian Security Order Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003

“The UN’s Contribution to Asia-Pacific Security Architecture”, The Pacific Review vol. 16, no.2, 2003

“Redefinitions: the Domestic Environment and US China Policy in the 1960s” in Jiang Changbin and Robert S. Ross (eds) Re-examining the Cold War: US-China Diplomacy, 1954-1973, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Asia Center, 2001

“Chinese Power and the Idea of a Responsible State”, The China Journal, January 2001

(with Andrew Walter), “Whatever Happened to the Pacific Century?”, Review of International Studies Vol. 25, Special Issue, December 1999

“The Present and Future of the ARF: China’s role and attitude”, in Khoo How San (ed) The Future of the ARF Singapore: Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, 1999

“The ASEAN Regional Forum and China” in Shalendra D. Sharma (ed.) Asia in the New Millennium: Geopolitics, Security and Foreign Policy Berkeley, Institute of East Asian Studies, Research Papers and Policy Studies Series, 2000

“China in the ASEAN Regional Forum: Organizational Processes and Domestic Modes of Thought”, Asian Survey, Vol. 38, no. 5, May 1998

“Human Rights, Democracy and Development: the Debate in East Asia”, Democratization, vol. 4, no. 2, 1997

"The Eisenhower Administration and its Fear of Empowering the Chinese", Political Science Quarterly, Autumn 1996

"Sources of Conflict Between China and India as seen from Beijing", in Sumit Ganguly and Ted Greenwood, eds., Mending Fences: Confidence-and Security-Building in South Asia, Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996

"Thinking Globally from a Regional Perspective: Chinese, Indonesian and Malaysian Reflections on the Post Cold War Era", in Contemporary Southeast Asia, vol. 18, no. 2, June 1996; (also appeared in W. Hale, and E. Kienle (eds.) After the Cold War: Security and Democracy in Africa and Asia, I.B. Tauris, 1997

"Leadership, Perceptions, and Interest: Chinese-American Relations in the Early Cold War Era", a review article for Diplomatic History vol. 20, no. 3, 1996

"Chinese-Indian Relations and the Process of Building Confidence: Implications for the Asia-Pacific", The Pacific Review, vol. 9, no. 1, 1996

"The Study of China’s International Behaviour: International Relations Approaches", in Ngaire Woods, ed., Explaining International Relations Since 1945, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996

"Making Known the Unknown War: Policy Analysis of the Korean Conflict since the 1980s", in Michael J. Hogan, ed., The Historiography of American Foreign Policy Since 1941 New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995

"Pacific-Asia: the Development of Regional Dialogue", in Louise Fawcett and Andrew Hurrell, eds., Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organization and International Order, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995

"China’s Foreign Policy in the Post-1989 Era", in R. Benewick and P. Wingrove, eds., China in the 1990s, London: Macmillan, 1995. Also published in US by Columbia University Press and reprinted 1998

"A Complex Nuclear Reaction", Times Higher Education Supplement, 15 July 1994

"Neither Friends Nor Enemies: Sino-American Relations after the Cold War", Oxford International Review, vol. 5, no. 2, 1994

"Pax Americana: Setting the Global Agenda after the Korean War", in William J. Williams, ed., A Revolutionary War: Korea and the Transformation of the Postwar World, Chicago: Imprint Publications, 1993

"Negotiating with Friends and Enemies: the Politics of Peacemaking in Korea," in Kim Chull Baum and James I. Matray, eds., Korea and the Cold War: Division, Destruction and Disarmament, Claremont, Ca.: Regina Books, 1993

"Fragmentation in Northeast Asia Versus Integration in Western Europe: Some Cold War and Post Cold War Comparisons", North Pacific Cooperative Security Dialogue Working Paper, (NPCSD) no. 16, Sept. 1992, NPCSD Research Program, York University, Ontario, Canada. This paper given first at NPCSD conference held in Beijing, June 1992, and subsequently reprinted in the Chinese Social Sciences Quarterly, Hong Kong, May 1993

"New Light on the Sino-Soviet Alliance: Chinese and American Perspectives," Journal of Northeast Asian Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, 1991

"Making Known the Unknown War: Policy Analysis of the Korean Conflict in the Last Decade," Diplomatic History, vol. 15, no. 3, Summer 1991

"Where are the Women? The Gender Dimension in the Study of International Relations," Diplomatic History, vol 14, no. 4, Fall 1990

"Search For a Modus Vivendi: Anglo-American Relations and China Policy," in W.I. Cohen and A. Iriye, (eds.) The Great Powers in East Asia, 1953-1960 New York: Columbia University Press, 1990

“Nuclear Coercion and the Ending of the Korean Conflict”, International Security, vol. 13, winter, 1988/89

“Arms Control and Sino-Indian Relations”, in Gerald Segal (ed.) Arms Control in Asia, London: Macmillan, 1987

“Assessing the First Thirty Years: Revolutionary Change in China”, a review article for Asian Affairs, vol. 18, Feb. 1987

“The Sino-Soviet Security Complex and South Asia”, in Barry Buzan and Gowher Rizvi, (eds.), South Asian Insecurity and the Great Powers London: Macmillan, 1986

“Anglo-American Relations and the Korean Crisis: the British Attempt to Avert an Expanded War”, Diplomatic History, vol. 10, no. 1, 1986

“The Sino-American Conflict in Korea: the US Assessment of China’s Ability to Intervene in the War”, Asian Affairs, June 1983

“Sino-Soviet Rivalry in Kabul”, The Round Table, October 1980

“The Changing Pattern of Afghanistan’s Relations with its Neighbours”, Asian Affairs, February 1980